how much beef is imported into the us

The Livestock Marketing Information Center, which analyzes the livestock industry, projects U.S. beef imports will reach a record 3.7 billion pounds in 2023, topping the previous high of 3.4 billion pounds in 2015, director Katelyn McCullock said.

The United States has imported 3.13 billion pounds of beef so far in 2023, up 7.9% from 2022. Rob Cook | Published on:Jan 16, 2024

U.S. beef imports up 8% in 2023 The United States has imported 3.13 billion pounds of beef so far in 2023, up 7.9% from 2022.

The United States has imported the most beef from Canada so far in 2023 followed by Mexico & Australia.

U.S. beef imports from Australia are up 52% so far in 2023.

U.S. beef imports from Mexico are down 11% so far in 2023.

According to ERS calculations, foreign-born cattle accounted for an average of 8.1 percent of total monthly U.S. beef production over the last 13 years. When that amount is added to the annual average of 2.9 billion pounds of beef and veal imported from all foreign sources, almost 16 percent of annual U.S. beef and veal supplies is estimated to originate abroad. From 1995 through 2008, Canadian hogs contributed about 93 million pounds per year to U.S. pork supplies. When this amount is combined with the 895 million pounds of pork imported by the U.S. each year, foreign sources are estimated to account for about 8.4 percent of total U.S. pork supplies.

Meat from foreign sources accounts for roughly 8-20 percent of total U.S. meat supplies, but only the portions that are imported directly as meat are obvious. While it is relatively easy to track the amount of meat imported by the U.S. (2.1 billion pounds of beef and 0.8 billion pounds of pork in 2011) and the number of livestock that enter the U.S. (2.1 million cattle and 5.8 million hogs in 2011), it is more difficult to estimate the amount of meat produced in the United States from animals that originated abroad. ERS estimates derived using data on imported livestock by weight category and assumptions about animal growth patterns and the timing of production from imported animals show the share of domestic production attributed to foreign-born animals is significant and trending upward.

U.S. Red Meat Production From Foreign-Born Animals, Agricultural Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 201-7, March 2012

Beef production systems in Canada are similar to those in the United States–both countries produce high-quality, grain-fed beef. The United States imports live cattle from Canada for immediate slaughter, feeding, breeding, and dairy purposes. U.S. cattle imports from Mexico are primarily lightweight feeder cattle that are put on pasture or, if large enough, placed directly in feedlots. U.S. imports of Mexican cattle initially declined after implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994 but gradually increased, particularly in 2003-05, when restrictions were placed on Canadian cattle following an outbreak of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). Nearly all hogs imported into the United States are feeder hogs, and most originate in Canada.

Most U.S. livestock imports come from Canada and Mexico. The high costs associated with quarantine requirements and transportation limit imports from other countries. Consolidation and other structural changes in North American livestock production have resulted in an increase in U.S. imports of certain categories of livestock. This trade is primarily driven by weather and pasture conditions in Canada and Mexico, U.S. feeder cattle prices, and currency exchange rates.

The Livestock Marketing Information Center, which analyzes the livestock industry, projects U.S. beef imports will reach a record 3.7 billion pounds in 2023, topping the previous high of 3.4 billion pounds in 2015, director Katelyn McCullock said.

FAQ

What percentage of US beef is imported?

There are a few things to note. First, domestic production makes up about 70-80% of total ground beef and imports represent the remaining 20-30%. These numbers have stayed relatively consistent over time. Second, domestic fed cattle trimmings have always exceeded domestic cow and bull trimmings.

Where does majority of US beef come from?

Texas produces the most beef in the U.S. With over 12.5 million cattle, Texas leads beef production in the U.S.; almost doubling the quantity of Nebraska, the second largest producer, reports Beef2Live.

How much US beef comes from China?

The total quantity shipped to the U.S. from China in 2022 is higher than in 2021 by about 10 million lbs. per month. This brings their current market share to 17% of total U.S. beef exports.

Does the US import a lot of meat?

“The U.S. is the largest producer, the largest consumer, the third-largest exporter and the largest importer of beef in the world.

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